Spinal cord transmits messages from the brain to several parts of the body through a network of nerves. Injury to the cord can cause paralysis, and numbness to several parts of the body and even the brain. This delicate tissue is encased by the spinal column which comprises of the hard vertebrae. Spinal cord forms the central nervous system along with the brain. Damaged or injured spinal cord injuries can be devastating and can affect the normal life of the patient. NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, Mumbai, has been working in coordination with researchers and scientists to find the right treatment using stem cells for spinal injuries. What happens during a brain injury? The main nerve that joins the brain to the vertebral canal known as the spinal cord gets injured due to several reasons like an accident and/or other conditions. The injured spinal cord then stops sending messages to one or multiple organs of the body which then makes the organs stay still and numb. There is permanent damage to the brain. The nervous system does not work normally, and some parts of the body do not function properly, or even the whole body is paralyzed along with the brain. Depending on the injury done to the spinal cord, the body reacts and functions accordingly. Treatment options Spine being a complex part of the body needs careful and comprehensive spinal cord stem cell treatment. Today, there are several medications and treatments and surgeries that help to improve the condition of the patient. However, the patient will also need rehabilitation session as there are several other issues like pain, movement, functioning of the organs, etc. that the patient will need after surgery or during the treatment. Counseling sessions and physical therapies are also recommended for the patient to have a better condition. Stem cell treatment Spinal cord injury is complex and involves several types of cells. A combination of therapies is needed as the condition is suffered by the whole body. Treating spinal cord injuries is possible with stem cells. The transplantation and research studies have shown that stem cells will help repair the damaged cells when administered inside the body. In the spinal cord stem cell treatment, the stem cells allow for self-healing and repair of the affected cells resulting in a better condition and functioning of the spinal cord. The treatment is not painful at all, and the therapy only needs local anesthesia. No discomfort is felt by the patient after the stem cell procedure. Institutes like NGBSI have researched extensively on the process and treatment of spinal injury with stem cells. The experiments have proven that the process of generating new cells will: Re-build the insulating nerve sheath and helps to stimulate the growth of the damaged cells. Replace the nerve cells that have been damaged severely Help the recovery of damaged cells and prevent from further damaging and help them to protect from toxins and free radicals. Suppressing the damaging inflammation which occurs during injury. Several results have come up with encouraging results and provided hope for thousands who are suffering from spinal injury through stem cell research and therapy. Conclusion Spinal cord stem cell therapy is coming up with new treatments and new ways to help the condition of the patient who are severely injured and unable to lead a normal life.