By | 2019-03-23

Chronic pain in the locomotor system, tiredness, sleep disturbances, depression, joint stiffness … In recent years fibromyalgia has broken into many Spanish families, becoming a public health problem. Until relatively recently there was not even an agreement in the scientific community about the disease, so it was even difficult for patients to read more about fibromyalgia.

The Spanish Society of Rheumatology produced a document where a consensus was established on the disease: establish the main guidelines to reach the diagnosis and explain the different known therapeutic modalities.

Who is more likely to suffer from fibromyalgia?

According to the latest studies, fibromyalgia affects between 2 and 3% of the Spanish population over 20 years of age. Women suffer more from the disease, 4.2% of them compared to 0.2% of men. It is present in all age groups, however, its prevalence is highest between 40 and 49 years. The most curious thing is that  almost 75% of people who suffer from fibromyalgia are not diagnosed .

The causes of fibromyalgia are not very clear, so you can not provide tips to avoid it. It is believed that it can be due to an alteration of certain neurotransmitters of the nervous system. Likewise, the genetic factor also has great importance since, according to the  Consensus Document of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology on fibromyalgia , the risk of suffering the disease among the relatives of fibromyalgia patients is 8.5 times higher than in other populations.

The symptoms of fibromyalgia

Pain in muscles, joints and bones are the most characteristic symptoms. They are usually strong pains, sometimes deaf and sometimes fiery, in the so-called trigger points. These pains are characteristic of the disease, because it can be a pain by non-painful stimuli or a pain greater than usual that presents persistence. Likewise, the pain can spread through different parts of the body and occur both day and night, and can last for years.

In addition to these pains, fibromyalgia also has other symptoms, such as fatigue and tiredness, headaches, sleep disorders, morning stiffness, swelling of extremities and face and even cognitive impairment.

How to treat fibromyalgia?

According to the latest studies, the treatment to be applied to fibromyalgia patients must be personalized to each individual and must be multidisciplinary. In this way, the Spanish Society of Rheumatology recommends the use of pharmacological treatments, physical exercise, psychological treatment and complementary treatments. You can use Lyrica for the treatment and it can be bought with the use of Lyrica coupon.

In the field of complementary treatments, it is worth mentioning the andulation, a technology that combines specific vibrations and infrared heat to help mitigate the chronic pain caused by fibromyalgia and other pathologies.

In the field of pharmacological treatments , it is necessary to emphasize that  their use is aimed at the improvement of partial aspects , that is, to mitigate chronic pain. At present there is no drug that cures fibromyalgia.

In this sense, medical professionals recommend the use of muscle relaxants to mitigate pain and improve sleep and rest. However, its effect diminishes with the passage of time. Likewise, it is also customary to prescribe antidepressants, achieving a moderate improvement in pain, quality of sleep and a sense of well-being. However, the use of antidepressants does not reduce the pain in the trigger points.

Physical exercise is also recommended in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Different clinical trials have shown that swimming, cycling, floor exercises or dance have had beneficial effects mitigating the symptoms of the disease. According to the Spanish Society of Rheumatology, exercise improves aerobic capacity and painful pressure in patients’ pain points.

In addition to mitigating pain, aerobic physical exercise contributes to improving mental health in general terms, the degree of anxiety and the overall impact of fibromyalgia on patients’ lives . However, fatigue, physical function and symptoms of depression do not improve with the practice of exercise.

Finally, psychological treatments will help to control the emotional aspects of anxiety and depression caused by fibromyalgia. Likewise, attention will also be paid to cognitive, behavioral and social aspects that only aggravate the clinical picture of people suffering from fibromyalgia.

The treatments should be multidisciplinary and must always be carried out under supervision and medical prescription. Although for the moment there is no cure for this disease, little by little more treatments appear to improve the quality of life of patients.