The disorders are grouped under different terms according to which muscles are affected, the degree of the weakness, the speed of worsening, and when the symptoms begin to appear. Many people with the condition may lose the ability to walk. The main forms of muscular dystrophy affect up to 1 in every 5000 men. Women are much less likely to be affected than men. There is no cure for muscular dystrophy, but some medications and therapeutic techniques can help to manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the condition. Drug therapy, gene therapy and rehabilitation are the main conventional treatments. However, in recent years, an alternative approach called stem cell treatment for muscular dystrophy has gained footing.
In India, one of the best places to get muscular dystrophy stem cell treatment is NGBSI located in Mumbai. More than 350 patients with the disease have been treated using stem cell therapy at the institute with an astonishing 94 percent of them showing improvement in the clinical symptoms. There are nine main types of muscular dystrophy further divided into thirty specific types caused by genetic mutations. The main types of are: ● Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) ● Becker Muscular Dystrophy ● Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy ● Congenital Muscular Dystrophy ● Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy ● Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy ● Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy ● Distal Muscular Dystrophy ● Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy These different types, share most symptoms and characteristics. Even though they are different on the basis of onset, the rate of progression, distribution of muscle weakness, the severity of the symptoms, pattern of inheritance, and molecular defect. Muscular dystrophy occurs when abnormal genes (mutations) interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscle. Most of the time, a disorder presents itself at birth due to malfunction in a single gene. This interferes with the function of the muscles and ultimately leads to muscular dystrophy. Stem cell therapy has gained repute as one of the main treatments for muscular dystrophy. The general mechanisms and goals of this treatment are given here. The secretion of cytokines and helping in cell fusion is the main focus of the stem cell treatment. Through it, the damaged area gets an increased oxygen supply, as well as vascularisation (the development of blood vessels) occurs.
The entire process of this treatment is based around regrowth of tissues and reframing of the damaged cells, eventually, it ends up preventing cell death. The treatment gets transferred from several tissues consisting of the bone marrow and mesoderm and it eventually forms muscle cells. In the end, the treatment helps in repairing the cells due to the restoration of the cell pool. The muscular dystrophy stem cell treatment does not only improve the symptoms of the disorder but also helps in restoration of the cells which ultimately helps in halting the muscle degeneration process. Through the stem cell treatment, the death of cells is prevented, and this has by far shown excellent results in the condition of the patients with the muscular dystrophy, leading to improvements in their quality of life. In India, there is no need to ask any further than NGBSI for muscular dystrophy stem cell treatment. The previously treated patients have shown exemplary results after undergoing stem cell therapy there, so one can be rest assured about the quality of service.