Know few Tips to Avoid..! Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women across the world. It is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk. Cancers originating from ducts are called as ductal carcinomas; those originating from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too. Worldwide, breast cancer comprises 22.9% of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers) in women. Breast cancer is more than 100 times more common in women than breast cancer in men and more than 13% of the women have the risk of developing breast cancer at any age during her lifetime. “According to recent survey figures shows that, the number of new cases is about 115,000 per year in India and the numbers expected to rise to 250,000 new cases per year by 2015 and also the survey found that from year 2020 onwards, the India will add more than 2 million new patients every year. The nation is not yet well prepared to fight against of cancer illnesses in spite of the India adding about a million new cases annually.” Risk factors: The exact reasons for breast cancer has not been found until now what causes breast cancer, we do know that certain risk factors linked to the breast cancer. There are thoughts on breast cancer like, certain changes in DNA can induce normal breast cells to become cancer. DNA is the chemical in each of our cells that makes up our genes – the instructions for how our cells work. Some inherited DNA mutations can increase the risk for developing cancer and cause the cancers that run in some families. For instance, BRCA1 and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes – they keep cancer tumors from forming. When they are mutated, they no longer cause cells to die at the right time, and it is more likely to develop. But most breast cancer DNA changes happen in single breast cells during a woman’s life rather than having been inherited. So far, the causes of most of the DNA mutations that could lead to breast cancer are not known, how ever, the risk of breast cancer can be prevented by following simple tips: Balanced diet and Healthy food: Healthy food, balanced diet aids to stave off the risk of cancer. It boosts up the immune system, also prevents growth of tumor cells. Antioxidants, vitamins are very essential to prevent cell damage, regular intake of fruits and vegetables will prevent from cell damage and thus one can stay away from its growth. It is advised to keep away from red meat and other fatty food substances which containing high saturated fats. Regular intake of red meat and other processed meats can result in too many calories, extra weight and also cause various diseases. It is recommended to avoid intake of foods with high sugar content substances as tumor cells generally feed on sugary substances. Also it is highly recommended to keep down the alcohol consumption, as cancer cells are estrogen sensitive (Estrogen: A hormone that fuels 80% of all cases of breast cancer), regular alcohol intake (any kind of alcohol that consumed may alter the levels of female hormones) can results in to estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer. Healthy Weight: It is necessary to keep the ideal body weight. Research investigations has found that obese persons are easily prone to the risk of cancer than any other individuals, one must have the ideal weight and especially one should be neither underweight nor over weight. Regular Exercise: Regular exercise is a critical part of staying health, as it has many health benefits. Regular exercise for women has proven to alleviate depression, prevents obesity, reduces the risk of cancer, boost immune system, prevent osteoporosis by strengthening their bones and etc. Research investigations found that exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer in women and Researchers believe in this is because exercise lowers a woman’s ongoing exposure to estrogen. (As estrogen is plays to contribute to cancer growth.) Any kind of exercises (Cycling, jogging, swimming,walking and etc) can be done for 30 minutes daily to reduce the risk. Tobacco smoke: Based upon latest research investigations, it is found that women who smoke, may have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, especially if they become smokers early in life, how ever, the added risk appears to be small, except among heavy smokers. Breast-feeding: Few research studies suggest that breast-feeding may slightly lower the risk, It is also proved that breast cancer can be avoided up to 8% by breast feeding to child. Working in Night Shifts: Several studies have suggested that women who work at night may have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, the effect may be due to hormonal alterations i.e. changes in melatonin levels. Breast examination/Breast cancer testing: Breasts must be examined on a regular basis, if it found any unusual changes (lumps and other abnormalities), then it is advised to consult with the doctor. Breast cancer testing can also done by using various equipments (such as Mammogram,Breast ultrasound,Breast magnetic resonance imaging and Other tests and procedures) to find the gene copies in any tumor cells. Not every women will require all of these tests and procedures. The Doctor will choose the appropriate tests based on specific circumstances. Breast cancer stages range from 0 to IV, with 0 indicating cancer that is very small and noninvasive. Stage IV breast cancer, also called metastatic breast cancer, indicates cancer that has spread to other areas of the body.